LAND CLOSE TO SKY
Distance from Uzhhorod to Kyiv: by rail – 798 km, by motorway – 788 km
Geographical data: the region is located in moderately continental climatic area; there are rivers on the territory of the region – 9,5 thousands of streams and rivers the largest are Tysa, Latorytsya, Borzhava
NATURAL AND RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF TRANSCARPATHIA
The climate of Transcarpathia is moderately continental with the sufficient and surplus moistening, usteady spring, not very hot summer, warm autumn and mild winter. We should mark that climate of Transcarpathia is the most favourable by the amount of comfort days for active rest in the Ukrainian Carpathians.
The whole territory of Transcarpathia is the header of Tysa river pool (affluent of the Danube) which rises in the mountain forests in Rakhiv district (Bila and Chorna Tysa rivers). Tysa stretches about 220 km along the territory of Transcarpathia. Borzhava, River, Tereblya, Teresva, Chorna and Bila Tysa are the affluents of Tysa river, and waters of Latorycya and Uzh also fall into Tysa outside Ukraine first being formed on the territory of the region and having fallen into the rivers of Laborets and Bodroh.
Volodymyr Снірак, chief of Transcarpathian Water Management
Transcarpathia is one of the most flood risk regions of Europe. Here is always a potential threat of disastrous floods origin. There were 6 floods in the 19th century and 17 – in the 20th. More »
SMALL HYDROPOWER INDUSTRY OF TRANSCARPATHIA
Oleksandr Kartashov, Volodymyr Katolyk
In Transcarpathian region the electric power consumption makes about 2,0 milliard of kWh per year. The electricity generation by local HPS makes 120-160 million kWh (6-8 % from the total) and it is concentrated on four hydroelectric power stations: Tereblya-Rika HPS (with capacitance of 27,0 mW); Onokivtsi HPS (2,65 mW); Uzhhorod HPS (1,9 mW); Bilyny HPS (0,63 mW).
TRANSFRONTAL COLLABORATION OF TRANSCARPATHIA
Ernest Nuser, Chief of Main Administration on European Integration, External Economic Relations and Tourism of Transcarpathian Regional State Administration
Throughout the years Transcarpathia is the permanent participant of all the European Union neighborhood programs which operate on the east EU border: TACIS, INTERREG, FARE, CADSES, ENPI. As a result, there is a number of successful projects carried out in the region. More »
LET TOMORROW BE BETTER
The village of Solotvyno is spread along the right bank of Tysa river. Its old name of Slatyna, which means “salt water”, is first mentioned in 1360 – the salt had already been extracted here at that time. Today it is a small inhabited area with not only dwelling houses and institutions in it but also the 7th, 8th and 9th mines working (the mines of 1-6 are closed down). Solotvyno stands on a large salt cupola. More »
TOURIST POTENTIAL OF TRANSCARPATHIA
Oleksandr Marchenko, Depchief of Main Administration – Chief of the Department of European Integration, Tourism and Resorts of Transcarpathian RSA
Tourism and recreation industry in Transcarpathia shows a positive momentum within the period of last few years. The volume of the given services increased by 7% and makes 121,1 million of hryvnyas for the period of January-June of 2010 if compared with the same period of 2009. Thus local budget deductions increased by 17% and make 6,5 million of hryvnyas; 99 new workplaces were created in this field. The network of sanatorium-resort, tourism and recreation, hotel establishments counts 328 objects.
VALUE OF EDUCATION IN TOURIST BUSINESS
Khrysto Rohlev, academician of the Academy of Tourism of Ukraine, Honoured worker of service industry
According to the Worldwide Tourist Organization Ukraine can be among the first twenty of countries – the most popular directions of tourism till the year of 2020. More »
TRANSCARPATHIAN STUDENTS CENTER OF TOURISM, REGIONAL HISTORY, EXCURSIONS AND SPORTS
Institution Credo: “Tourism and Sports is a Diversified Type of Education”
The basic criteria of work for the Transcarpathian Students Center of Tourism, Regional History, Excursions and Sports is to offer the widest array of curriculum which addresses the needs of the upcoming generation. There are 55 groups working in 14 profiles, and a total of 750 students study at the centre. Students of the Centre take an active part in championships of Ukraine, international competitions on sporting orientation, alpine skiing, hiking, water activities and cycle touring. Within the framework of these competitions about 40 persons became the candidates in sport masters and 30 more got a rank of masters of sport of Ukraine. More »
REGIONAL STUDIES: HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOGRAPHY
Yosyp Kobal PhD (History)
Over the course of many centuries, Transcarpathia served as an ancient gate which linked the Eastern and Western civilizations surrounding the area. The region was populated in the infancy of mankind, 1 million years ago. Evidence of inhabitants of the Stone Age were found near the village of Kololevo, Vynohradovo district, and the Korolevo site is the oldest one in the Ukraine.
ARCHITECTURAL TRADITIONALISM AND STYLISH RACINESS OF THE LAND
Olexandr Andyaloshiy, Chief of the Department of Regional Development, Town planning and Architecture of Transcarpathian Regional State Administration
Transcarpathian region is one of the picturesque corners of Ukraine. Dividing the regional territories among the ethnic groups of huzuls, boyky, lemky dwelling in the land one can see at once the influence of original culture of that or other group on folk architecture. It is especially present in sacral architecture. The golden fund of sacral architecture is formed by the gothic churches of Maramoros traditional architecture in Khust district. Castle architecture rose to especially high levels of development in 14-18 centuries. Twelve castles of different periods were built on the territory of the region. Since Transcarpathia was located on salt ways, the first castles were built up as boundary posts of 9-12 centuries period. The designers of fortification buildings were mainly French and Italian engineers.
RELIGIOUS AND CHURCH LIFE
Towns and villages of Transcarpathia are united by the great number of temples. Every town or village, even the smallest one, has its own temple and there are dozens of wooden and stone temples constructed during the 19th – 20th centuries and preserved till nowadays among them.
Carpathians -One of the Wonders of Europe
Carpathian mountains is one of those wonders of Europe, even of the whole world, that at the same time arouses amazement, delight, anxiety and furthermore sorrow for our present and future destiny. In the XXI century the Carpathians acquired new features not only as the geographical part of Europe, but as an important factor, that in great degree influences living conditions and inner feelings of the whole European continent residents.
ZAKARPATTYA – CENTER OF EUROPE
Such definition may seem to be a bit exaggerated. But region geographical position, its historical destiny gave reason to place memorial, connected with numerous legends about location of geographical center of Europe exactly in Zakarpatska oblast, in Dilove village, Rakhivsky district, where mountain Goverla, the highest top of the Ukrainian Carpathians, is located. Many scientists consider it as geographical center of the Carpathian region. Here is a certain piece of truth. Zakarpattya is the western region of Ukraine, which borders with four Carpathian states of the European Union -Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Romania. Its first neighbors – Lvivska, Ivano-Frankivska and Chernivecka oblasts are also the members of the same Carpathian family. So, it takes only an hour and a half by air to reach Kyiv, Prague, Budapest, Warsaw, Vienna, Bonne, Geneva, Paris, Rome.
WATER – EYES OF LORD
It is very important for the health of major part of the European population to have the Carpathian mountains, as the source of clean water. It is really true. Many legends exist concerning crystal clearness of the Carpathian rivers, lakes, underground waters. Water in the Carpathians is the Eyes of Lord. It has amazing ability to give life, punish and forgive. It is really true. Such important water arteries as Visla, Dunaj, Tisza, Dnister and their numerous large and small tributaries come into existence from the Carpathians outflows. At present time there are many small rivers in the Carpathians, preserved in their natural state, that belong to the cleanest rivers in Europe.